A degree in any STEM field (science, technology, engineering, and math) might be the first step towards making a contribution to the next stage of technological progress. STEM disciplines are the best fields to study if you like the notion of developing a career based around an exciting new technology. In this article, we will show you how to prepare for a job in emerging technologies.
You might wish to pursue a degree in cyber security, 3D printing, nanoscience and nanotechnology, robotics engineering, or any number of other specializations. Read on to learn what to expect from each specialization and how studying STEM courses might lead to professions in the new technological fields that interest you. Here’s how to prepare for a job in emerging technologies.
How to Prepare for a Job in Emerging Technology
To begin with, you don’t have to start studying a particular technology from scratch just because you want to work in a field that utilizes emerging technologies. You must first master the fundamentals of your field of interest, as is the case with many other fields of competence.
This fundamental knowledge can be found in a variety of STEM fields, including biological science, biomedical science, chemistry, computer science, engineering (electrical, mechanical, chemical, civil, aeronautical, etc.), materials science, math, medicine, pharmacy, pharmacology, and physics, depending on your desired specialization.
You should carefully analyze your options because these early pathways will determine how you study the new technology in question. If you want to develop new medical technologies, biology, chemistry, and medicine are all disciplines that will provide you a solid understanding of the field if you’re interested in developing new medical technologies. A first degree in mechanical engineering might be a sensible decision if you intend to pursue a career in robotics engineering, though.
Although the first year of the majority of technology degrees will be spent concentrating on the fundamentals, it’s crucial to take into account which colleges offer advanced courses in your particular area of interest when picking a program. Although not all technology degrees will offer modules with a particular focus on new technologies, the majority of technology degrees will offer some type of specialty in your second and third years of study, providing you the possibility to focus your studies on a career in new technology.
Top Emerging STEM Fields
How to Prepare for a Job in Emerging Technologies
Nanotechnology and Nanoscience
Although the terms “nanoscience” and “nanotechnology” relate to the study of extremely small technologies, the discipline itself is enormous and is expected to grow significantly in the future years. This is because there is a tremendous amount of room for innovation across a dizzying number of industries, from sunscreen to military technology.
The field of nanoscience and nanotechnology, which focuses on atomic-scale processes, has the capacity to more effectively kill cancer cells in people as well as stop the effects of dangerous chemicals. Two further paths that allow you to specialize in nanotechnology are food science and medical technology degrees. With these degrees, you can work on developing medical equipment or modifying food and plants genetically, respectively.
Specializations in Nanotechnology and Nanoscience
Nanotechnology can be studied as a specialty in a variety of degree areas, including biology, chemical engineering, chemistry, electrical engineering, environmental science, and physics, despite the fact that it is currently quite rare to find a degree specifically in the field. Biochemistry, condensed-matter physics, electronic materials, micro- and nano-mechanics, molecular biology, nano-biosystems, nano-electronics, photonics, and sensors and sensing technology are further relevant cross-degree specializations.
Engineering used to mimic biological processes is referred to as bionics, sometimes known as bionical creativity engineering. Bionic technology can be used to mimic natural processes like the water-repellent coating on a flower or the extra-thick skin of a whale in addition to fully functional mechanical limbs.
Students who are interested in the connection between biology and technology, whether they desire to specialize in humans, animals, or plants, will find bionic technology appealing. Interestingly, there’s a lot of funding for overseas students interested in this area.
Specializations in Bionics
Biomedical engineering, chemistry, medicine, computer science, and mechanical engineering are useful fields to pursue to enter the field of bionic technology. Artificial intelligence, biochemistry, biomimetics, cybernetics, macro and microbiology, medical technology, neural engineering, photonics, plant engineering, and nanotechnology are a few potential areas of interest.
Robotic engineering goes one step farther in replicating biological processes than bionic technology, which does it through artificial engineering. Robots are made to do a wide range of activities, from operating a space mission to folding laundry.
The growing popularity of robotics studies has coincided with the expansion of degree programs in the field due to society’s curiosity with the subject and the quick development of new technology in the field in recent years.
A stand-alone robotics degree may be available for those interested in the subject, but more frequently than not, robotics is taught as part of a mechatronics degree, which also covers mechanics and electronics to provide students a well-rounded education. Students studying robotics and mechatronics will be drawn to investigating and creating autonomous machines employing methods for creating, constructing, and operating their own robots’ projects.
If obtaining a degree in robotics or mechatronics is not an option, there are a number of other degree programs that are useful for a career in robotics. These include biomedical engineering, computer science, electronic engineering, information technology, materials engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, physics, and structural engineering. Artificial intelligence, automation, computer programming, cybernetics, mechatronics, and robotics software are pertinent specialties within these degrees.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning
Artificial intelligence (AI), a subfield of computer programming that combines parts of computer science, engineering, and cognitive sciences, instructs computers to “think” and behave in specific ways to imitate human intellect.
Artificial intelligence is primarily concerned with the development of intelligent computer programs that can be incorporated into machines, while it is also involved in the production of intelligent machines. When we refer to “intelligent” in the context of computers, we truly mean human concepts of intelligence, such as the ability to store knowledge, solve problems, apply reasoning, interact with the physical environment, and communicate.
Search engines, networking programs, and measures to prevent online fraud are examples of applications for programmed intelligence. Since artificial intelligence is still in its infancy, there may be more career opportunities than we can now foresee.
Specializations in AI and Machine Learning
Specializations in artificial intelligence are being offered by an increasing number of universities, most notably as part of degrees in computer science and information systems.
STEM disciplines such as computer programming, psychology, cognitive science, mathematics, neural engineering, and statistics are fields from which to approach AI. Big data, mechatronics, natural computation, natural language processing, robotics, and software engineering are pertinent specializations.
3D Modeling and Printing
The future of 3D printing is very bright, if the significant investment made by universities throughout the world is anything to go by. 3D printing, commonly referred to as additive manufacturing, employs procedures from a variety of STEM fields, including manufacturing engineering.
Moreover, one can choose to focus on 3D printing from a design perspective. You might be interested in learning more about the connections between 3D printing, bionics, and nanotechnology that Princeton University’s engineering department skillfully illustrated by producing the first 3D printed bionic ear.
Specializations in 3D Printing
Finding a program that is specifically focused on additive manufacturing and 3D printing may be challenging given the newness of the technology. The following degrees are now being offered by several universities: architecture, biomedical engineering, design, design engineering, manufacturing engineering, materials science, and structural engineering.
Cyber Security and Networking
A degree in networking and cyber security will expose you to the field of forensic computing, provide you the knowledge you need to govern and safeguard information on the internet, and teach you about theoretical models, software, and hardware.
Students will learn about computer crime in depth and become aware of how forensic techniques are utilized to gather evidence against cybercriminals. In addition to studying computer information systems, a cyber security degree also examines how these systems align with cultural norms and ethical principles.
As a result of this field’s ongoing development and the persistent inventiveness of hackers around the world, more and more schools are offering specialized degrees in cyber security and a remarkable number of new careers in this field are still being created.
Specializations in Cyber Security and Networking
Consider taking courses in software engineering, computer science, information systems, and computer programming which are all variants of cyber security. Architecture security, computer crime or network/computer forensics, information assurance, interactive data, internet technologies, IT auditing, IT security, and software assurance are some relevant disciplines.